|Source:||The stems of Vernonia cinerea|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:|| 1. Vernolide B has marginal cytoxicity (ED(50)=3.78, 5.88, 6.42 microg/ml for KB, NCI-661, and Hela, respectively).
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||2.3016 mL||11.508 mL||23.016 mL||46.032 mL||57.54 mL|
|5 mM||0.4603 mL||2.3016 mL||4.6032 mL||9.2064 mL||11.508 mL|
|10 mM||0.2302 mL||1.1508 mL||2.3016 mL||4.6032 mL||5.754 mL|
|50 mM||0.046 mL||0.2302 mL||0.4603 mL||0.9206 mL||1.1508 mL|
|100 mM||0.023 mL||0.1151 mL||0.2302 mL||0.4603 mL||0.5754 mL|
Planta Med. 2005 Oct;71(10):949-54.
|Sesquiterpene lactones with potent cytotoxic activities from Vernonia chinensis.[Pubmed: 16254828 ]|
|Five new sesquiterpene lactones, namely vernchinilides A-E (1-5), along with five known compounds, 8 beta-(2-methylacryloyloxy)hirsutinolide 13-O-acetate (6), 8 alpha-(2-methylacryloyloxy)-1beta,4beta-epoxy-1alpha-methoxy-13-O-acetate-10 betaH-germacra-5 E,7(11)-dien-12,6-olide (7), 8 beta-(2-hydroxymethylacryloyloxy)hirsutinolide 13-O-acetate (8), 8 alpha-tigloyloxyhirsutinolide 13-O-acetate ( 9) and Vernolide B (10) were isolated from Vernonia chinensis. The structures of these new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectral data, especially 2D-NMR techniques. Compounds 2, 5 and 6 exhibited potent cytotoxic activities against P-388 and A-549 tumor cell lines.|
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2003 Apr;51(4):425-6.
|Two novel sesquiterpene lactones, cytotoxic vernolide-A and -B, from Vernonia cinerea.[Pubmed: 12672998]|
|Bioassay-directed fractionation of an ethanolic extract of stems of Vernonia cinerea has resulted in the isolation of two novel sesquiterpene lactones, vernolide A and Vernolide B. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Biological evaluation showed that vernolide A demonstrated potent cytotoxicity against human KB, DLD-1, NCI-661, and Hela tumor cell lines (ED(50)=0.02, 0.05, 0.53, 0.04 microg/ml for KB, DLD-1, NCI-661, and Hela, respectively); Vernolide B had marginal cytoxicity (ED(50)=3.78, 5.88, 6.42 microg/ml for KB, NCI-661, and Hela, respectively).|