|Source:||The herbs of Vitex vestita|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:||1. Vitexolide D shows moderate antibacterial activity against a panel of 46 Gram-positive strains.
2. Vitexolide D shows cytotoxic activities against the HCT-116 cancer cell line and human fetal lung fibroblast MRC5 cell line (1 < IC50s < 10 uM).
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||3.1402 mL||15.7011 mL||31.4021 mL||62.8042 mL||78.5053 mL|
|5 mM||0.628 mL||3.1402 mL||6.2804 mL||12.5608 mL||15.7011 mL|
|10 mM||0.314 mL||1.5701 mL||3.1402 mL||6.2804 mL||7.8505 mL|
|50 mM||0.0628 mL||0.314 mL||0.628 mL||1.2561 mL||1.5701 mL|
|100 mM||0.0314 mL||0.157 mL||0.314 mL||0.628 mL||0.7851 mL|
J Nat Prod. 2015 Jun 26;78(6):1348-56.
|Antibacterial Labdane Diterpenoids from Vitex vestita.[Pubmed: 26034885 ]|
|Bioassay-guided purification of the dichloromethane extract of the leaves of the Malaysian species Vitex vestita, led to the isolation of six new labdane-type diterpenoids, namely, 12-epivitexolide A (2), vitexolides B and C (3 and 4), vitexolide E (8), and vitexolins A and B (5 and 6), along with six known compounds, vitexolide A (1) and Vitexolide D (7), acuminolide (9), 3β-hydroxyanticopalic acid (10), 8α-hydroxyanticopalic acid (11), and 6α-hydroxyanticopalic acid (12). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR analyses and HRMS experiments. Both variable-temperature NMR spectroscopic studies and chemical modifications were performed to investigate the dynamic epimerization of the γ-hydroxybutenolide moiety of compounds 1-4. Compounds were assayed against a panel of 46 Gram-positive strains. Vitexolide A (1) exhibited the most potent antibacterial activity with minimal inhibitory concentration values ranging from 6 to 96 μM, whereas compounds 2 and 6-9 showed moderate antibacterial activity. The presence of a β-hydroxyalkyl-γ-hydroxybutenolide subunit contributed significantly to antibacterial activity. Compounds 1-4 and 6-9 showed cytotoxic activities against the HCT-116 cancer cell line (1 < IC50s < 10 μM) and human fetal lung fibroblast MRC5 cell line (1 < IC50s < 10 μM for compounds 1, 2, 7, 8, and 9).|