1. Carmine is used in the manufacture of artificial flowers, paints, crimson ink, rouge, and other cosmetics, and is routinely added to food products such as yogurt, candy and certain brands of juice, the most notable ones being those of the ruby-red variety.
2. There are many reported cases of immediate allergy after ingestion of foods containing cochineal and have a few reports of allergic contact dermatitis from carmine, suggests that carmine is an allergen.
Limonene has antioxidant activity, it at all concentrations reveal a reduction in the frequency of MN and DNA damage induced by H2O2.