Vanillic acid is a flavoring agent which has hepatoprotective, free radical scavenging, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It exerts protective effects in isoproterenol induced cardiotoxic rats, has inhibitory effect on methylglyoxal-mediated glycation in apoptotic Neuro-2A cells via inhibition of glycation mechanisms including ROS, p38 and JNK, PKC and p47(phox).
Carnosic acid is a lipid absorption inhibitor, endowed with antioxidative, antimicrobial, photoprotective potential, and antiproliferative properties. It can protect neurons both in vitro and in vivo through activation of the Keap1/Nrf2 pathway via S-alkylation of targeted cysteines on Keap1. It is increasingly used within food, nutritional health and cosmetics industries.
|CFN99120||Isochlorogenic acid C
Isochlorogenic acid C possesses potent hepatoprotective and anti-HBV effects, its anti-apoptotic and anti-injury effects could be achieved by its anti-oxidative properties and interfering the caspase-3 and TGF-β1 expressions.
Calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, a melanin biosynthesis inhibitor, can protect BBB integrity in experimental cerebral ischemia–reperfusion injury via regulating NO/cav-1/MMPs pathway. It attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injuryin vivovia activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway, and has effects on cell apoptosis in cervical cancer HeLa cells and expression of Bcl-2/Bax.
Liquiritin possesses antidepressant-like, neuroprotective , antioxidant, antiapoptosis, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer abilities. Liquiritin can attenuate advanced glycation end products-induced endothelial dysfunction via RAGE/NF-κB pathway in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, it may be a promising agent for the treatment of vasculopathy in diabetic patients.