Mulberroside A, the major active anti-tyrosinase compound in the root bark extract of Morus alba L. (Moraceae), is widely employed as an active ingredient in whitening cosmetics. Mulberroside A has neuroprotective, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, uricosuric, nephroprotective, hypoglycemic, and antidiabetic effects.It also can protect mice against ethanol-induced hepatic damage.
Nuciferine possesses anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-hypotensive, anti-arrhythmic, vasorelaxant, and insulin secretagogue activities. Nuciferine may be potential for the prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia with kidney inflammation. It inhibited tumor-promoting effect of nicotine involving Wnt/β-catenin signaling in non-small cell lung cancer.