Aucubin is an iridoid glycoside with a wide range of biological activities, including pancreas-protective, chondroprotective, antispasmodic, liver-protective, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, antioxidant, anti-algesic as well as anti-tumor activities. Aucubin prevents neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region in rats with diabetic encephalopathy, it also has protective effects on H2O2-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Aucubin may improve obesity-induced atherosclerosis by attenuating TNF-α-induced inflammatory responses. Aucubin suppresses hepatitis B viral DNA replication in vitro.
Dihydroresveratrol has antiproliferative activity against human prostate cancer PC3 cell line in vitro, it can ameliorate acute pancreatitis-associated lung injury via an inhibitory modulation of pro-inflammatory response, which is associated with a suppression of the NF-κB signaling pathway.