Liquiritin possesses antidepressant-like, neuroprotective , antioxidant, antiapoptosis, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer abilities. Liquiritin can attenuate advanced glycation end products-induced endothelial dysfunction via RAGE/NF-κB pathway in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, it may be a promising agent for the treatment of vasculopathy in diabetic patients.
|CFN99161||Salvianolic acid A
Salvianolic acid A has antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antithrombotic effect, and antiplatelet actions. it also has a significant protective effect against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction; it activates the Nrf2/HO-1 axis in RPE cells and protects against oxidative stress via activation of Akt/mTORC1 signaling. Salvianolic acid A (oral) can significantly improve glucose metabolism and inhibit oxidative injury as well as protect against impaired vascular responsiveness in STZ-induced diabetic rats. It is a novel matrix metalloproteinase-9 inhibitor, can prevents cardiac remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Ginkgolide A is a platelet-activating factor antagonist, it can inhibit the neurotoxicity of prions or amyloid-beta1-42, may be relevant treatments for prion or Alzheimer's diseases.Ginkgolide A has neuroprotective, and anxiolytic-like effects, it is widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and diabetic vascular complications, which might be achieved through regulating the STAT3-mediated pathway.
Cyanidin-3- O -glucoside exhibits strong antioxidant activities, it has protective effects from blackberry extract against peroxynitrite-induced endothelial dysfunction and vascular failure. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside chloride decreased mutant p21 expression, and increased the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and the activation of caspase-3 to induce apoptosis.
Bilirubin is a tetrapyrrole and a breakdown product of heme catabolism, it is a prominent endogenous antioxidant cytoprotectant and a natural inhibitor of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, which has neuroprotective and anti- atherosclerosis-related diseases effects. It can act as an effective agent to reduce mortality and counteract hypotension elicited by endotoxin through mechanisms involving a decreased NOS2 induction secondary to inhibition of NAD(P)H oxidase.