|Source:||The herbs of Frasera albicaulis|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:||1. 1-Hydroxy-2,3,4,7-tetramethoxy-xanthone can cause vasodilation in the coronary artery pre-contracted with 1uM 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), with the EC 50 value of 6.6±1.4 uM.
2. 1-Hydroxy-2,3,4,7-tetramethoxyxanthone can effectively inhibit the osteoclast differentiation in a co-culture system with mouse osteoblastic calvarial cells and bone marrow cells.
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||3.0093 mL||15.0466 mL||30.0933 mL||60.1866 mL||75.2332 mL|
|5 mM||0.6019 mL||3.0093 mL||6.0187 mL||12.0373 mL||15.0466 mL|
|10 mM||0.3009 mL||1.5047 mL||3.0093 mL||6.0187 mL||7.5233 mL|
|50 mM||0.0602 mL||0.3009 mL||0.6019 mL||1.2037 mL||1.5047 mL|
|100 mM||0.0301 mL||0.1505 mL||0.3009 mL||0.6019 mL||0.7523 mL|
Phytomedicine. 2009 Dec;16(12):1144-50.
|Vasodilatory actions of xanthones isolated from a Tibetan herb, Halenia elliptica.[Pubmed: 19403292 ]|
|In this study, six major xanthones, isolated and identified from Halenia elliptica were investigated for their vasodilatory actions in isolated rat coronary artery. The xanthones, including 1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy-xanthone (HM-1), 1-Hydroxy-2,3,4,7-tetramethoxyxanthone (HM-2), 1-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetramethoxy-xanthone (HM-3), 1,7-dihydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetramethoxy-xanthone (HM-4), 1,5-dihydroxy-2,3-dimethoxy-xanthone (HM-5) and 1,7-dihydroxy-2,3-dimethoxy-xanthone (HM-7) caused vasodilation in the coronary artery pre-contracted with 1 microM 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), with EC(50) values ranging from 1.4+/-0.1 microM (HM-1) to 6.6+/-1.4 microM (HM-2). The EC(50) values of the other xanthones were between those of HM-1 and HM-2. Removal of endothelium of the coronary artery led to decreases in the vasorelaxant effects of HM-1, HM-7 but not HM-2, HM-3, HM-4 and HM-5.|
Arch Pharm Res. 2008 Jul;31(7):850-5.
|Inhibitors of bone resorption from Halenia corniculata.[Pubmed: 18704326 ]|
|Eleven xanthones (1-11), three flavonoids (12-14) and three secoiridoids (15-17) were isolated from the aerial parts of Halenia corniculata. Among those compounds, 1-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetramethoxyxanthone (1), 1-Hydroxy-2,3,4,7-tetramethoxyxanthone (2), 1-hydroxy-2,3,4,5,7-pentamethoxyxanthone (3), 1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxyxanthone (4), 1,8-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyxanthone (7), and luteolin (12), at the concentration of 1 microg/mL, effectively inhibited the osteoclast differentiation in a co-culture system with mouse osteoblastic calvarial cells and bone marrow cells. Notably, compounds 1, 3, and 4 exhibited, in a dose-dependent manner, significant inhibition of osteoclast differentiation even at a low concentration (0.01 microg/mL). All the inhibitory compounds, except for compound 7, significantly reduced the pit formation on the dentine slice compared with the control group. For the survival of the mature osteoclasts, compounds 1-4 and 12 (1 microg/mL), significantly decreased the survival number through induction of cell apoptosis, and compound 4 exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on osteoclast survival even at the low concentration of 0.1 microg/mL.|