|Source:||The herbs of Boswellia carterii Birdw.|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:|| 1. 11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid (KBA), one of the active constituents in the gum resin of Boswellia serrata, possesses significant anti-inflammatory activity.
2. 11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid exerts multi-focal action in cancer cells while it required 10-fold higher the concentration to produce cytotoxicity in normal human PBMC and gingival cell line, and therefore, may find usefulness in the management of human leukemia.
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||2.1246 mL||10.6229 mL||21.2459 mL||42.4917 mL||53.1146 mL|
|5 mM||0.4249 mL||2.1246 mL||4.2492 mL||8.4983 mL||10.6229 mL|
|10 mM||0.2125 mL||1.0623 mL||2.1246 mL||4.2492 mL||5.3115 mL|
|50 mM||0.0425 mL||0.2125 mL||0.4249 mL||0.8498 mL||1.0623 mL|
|100 mM||0.0212 mL||0.1062 mL||0.2125 mL||0.4249 mL||0.5311 mL|
Phytochemistry. 2013 Dec;96:330-6.
|Biotransformation of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid by Cunninghamella blakesleana.[Pubmed: 23962801]|
|11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid (KBA), as one of the active constituents in the gum resin of Boswellia serrata, possesses significant biological activities including anti-inflammatory activity. However, its extensive metabolism and low polarity has limited the systemic availability of 11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid. The present research was aimed to obtain and explore the various possible derivatives of 11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid through biotransformation by Cunninghamella blakesleana AS 3.970. A total of ten transformed compounds were isolated and purified, and their chemical structures were characterized as 7β-hydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 7β, 15α-dihydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid ; 7β, 16β-dihydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 7β, 16α-dihydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 7β, 22β-dihydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 7β, 21β-dihydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 7β, 20β-dihydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 7β, 30-dihydroxy-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 3α, 7β-dihydroxy-11-oxours-12-ene-24, 30-dioic acid and 3α, 7β-dihydroxy-30-(2-hydroxypropanoyloxy)-11-oxours-12-en-24-oic acid by various spectroscopic methods. The biotransformation processes include hydroxylation, oxidation and esterification. Primary structure-activity relationships (SAR) of inhibitory effects on NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells are discussed.|
Mol Carcinog. 2012 Sep;51(9):679-95.
|A novel cyano derivative of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid causes apoptotic death by disrupting PI3K/AKT/Hsp-90 cascade, mitochondrial integrity, and other cell survival signaling events in HL-60 cells.[Pubmed: 21751262]|
|Intervention of apoptosis is a promising strategy for discovery of novel anti-cancer therapeutics. In this study, we examined the ability of a novel cyano derivative of 11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid , that is, butyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxours-1,12-dien-24-oate (BCDD) to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. BCDD inhibited cell proliferation with 48 h IC(50) of 0.67 µM in HL-60, 1 µM in Molt4, and 1.5 µM in THP1 cells. The mechanism of cell death was investigated in HL-60 cells where it caused apoptosis by acting against several potential apoptosis suppressive targets. It inhibited phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT activity, NF-κB, Hsp-90, and survivin which may enhance the sensitivity of cells to apoptosis. Also, BCDD decreased the activity of Bid and Bax in cytosol, caused ΔΨ(mt) loss, releasing pro-apoptotic cytochrome c, SMAC/DIABLO leading to caspase-9-mediated down stream activation of caspase-3, ICAD, and PARP1 cleavage. Translocation of apoptotis-inducing factor (AIF) from mitochondria to the nucleus indicated some caspases-independent apoptosis. Though it upregulated DR-5 and caspase-8, the caspase inhibitor yet had no effect on apoptosis as against 75% inhibition by caspase-9 inhibitor. Attempts were made to examine any acclaimed role of AIF in the activation of caspase-8 using siRNA where it had no effect on caspase-8 activity while the Bax-siRNA inhibited caspase-3 activation suggesting predominance of intrinsic signaling. Our studies thus demonstrated that BCDD exerts multi-focal action in cancer cells while it required 10-fold higher the concentration to produce cytotoxicity in normal human PBMC and gingival cell line, and therefore, may find usefulness in the management of human leukemia.|