|Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2010 Nov;35(22):3002-6. |
|Anti-HBV constituents from Euphorbia fischeriana.[Pubmed: 21355270]|
|To investigate the anti-HBV constituents in the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana.|
METHODS AND RESULTS:
The compounds were isolated by various chromatographic methods and identified by spectroscopic analysis. Some compounds were tested for the anti-HBV activity. Eleven compounds were isolated and identified as tirucalla-5,24-dien-3-ol (1), 24-methyltirucalla-5, 24-dien-3-ol (2), euphol (3), Butyrospermol (4), 24-methylenecycloartenol (5), cycloartenol (6), jolkinolid E (7) helioscopinolide A (8), isoscopoletion (9), dephnoretin (10), and 3, 3'-di-O-methylellagic acid 4'-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (11).
Compounds 1, 2 and 10 were isolated from the genus Euphorbia for the first time. Compounds 3, 4 and 11 were isolated from this species for the first time. Compounds 1, 8, 9 and 11 showed weak anti-HBsAg and anti-HBeAg activity, while compound 10 showed weak anti-HBsAg activity.
|J Oleo Sci. 2010;59(7):351-60. |
|Triterpene alcohol and fatty acid composition of shea nuts from seven African countries.[Pubmed: 20513968]|
|The content and composition of triterpene alcohol fractions of the non-saponifiable lipids (NSL) along with the fatty acid composition of the kernel fats (n-hexane extracts) of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa; Sapotaceae) were determined for 36 samples from seven sub-Saharan countries: Cote d' Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroun, Chad, Sudan, and Uganda.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
The fat content of the kernels, proportion of NSL in the fats, and triterpene alcohols in the NSL are in the range of 30-54, 2-12, and 22-72%, respectively. The triterpene alcohol fractions contained alpha-amyrin (1), beta-amyrin (2), lupeol (3), and Butyrospermol (4) as the major constituents along with minor or trace amounts of psi-taraxasterol (5), taraxasterol (6), parkeol (7), 24-methylene-24-dihydroparkeol (8), 24-methylenecycloartanol (9), dammaradienol (10), and 24-methylenedammarenol (11). Fatty acid composition is dominated by stearic (28-56%) and oleic (34-61%) acids. Shea butters from West African provenances contained in general higher levels of triterpene alcohols and stearic acid than those from East African provenances.
Both stearic acid and total triterpene alcohol contents were significantly correlated to the latitude and elevation of the source population, indicating that higher levels of these compounds are found at higher ambient temperatures.