|Source:||The root of Vitex negundo|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:||1. Lyoniresinol shows robust anti-melanogenic activity, decreases tyrosinase activity and melanin biosynthesis in B16F10 cells by activating ERK signaling, which downregulated MITF, tyrosinase, but not TRP-1 and TRP-2 protein expression.
2. Lyoniresinol has antioxidant effect.
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||2.3781 mL||11.8906 mL||23.7812 mL||47.5624 mL||59.453 mL|
|5 mM||0.4756 mL||2.3781 mL||4.7562 mL||9.5125 mL||11.8906 mL|
|10 mM||0.2378 mL||1.1891 mL||2.3781 mL||4.7562 mL||5.9453 mL|
|50 mM||0.0476 mL||0.2378 mL||0.4756 mL||0.9512 mL||1.1891 mL|
|100 mM||0.0238 mL||0.1189 mL||0.2378 mL||0.4756 mL||0.5945 mL|
Arch Pharm Res. 2005 Sep;28(9):1031-6.
|Antimicrobial property of (+)-lyoniresinol-3alpha-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside isolated from the root bark of Lycium chinense Miller against human pathogenic microorganisms.[Pubmed: 16212233]|
|(+)-Lyoniresinol-3alpha-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1) was isolated from an ethyl acetate extract of the root bark from Lycium chinense Miller, and its structure was determined using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy including DEPT, HMQC, and HMBC. (+)-Lyoniresinol-3alpha-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside exhibited potent antimicrobial activity against antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from patients, and human pathogenic fungi without having any hemolytic effect on human erythrocytes. In particular, compound 1 induced the accumulation of intracellular trehalose on C. albicans as stress response to the drug, and disrupted the dimorphic transition that forms pseudo-hyphae caused by the pathogenesis. This indicates that (+)-Lyoniresinol-3alpha-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside has excellent potential as a lead compound for the development of antibiotic agents.|
J Org Chem. 2004 Jun 11;69(12):4140-4.
|A short asymmetric synthesis of (+)-lyoniresinol dimethyl ether.[Pubmed: 15176840]|
|A short, efficient synthesis of the lignan (+)-Lyoniresinol dimethyl ether is described. The synthesis is achieved by asymmetric photocyclization of an achiral dibenzylidenesuccinate to a chiral aryldihydronaphthalene. (-)-Ephedrine is used as a chiral auxiliary to bias the atropisomeric equilibrium in the dibenzylidenesuccinate prior to the photochemical reaction. The synthesis of the title compound was accomplished in five steps, and the final product was recrystallized to constant melting point and rotation.|
Mol Cell Biochem. 2013 Jan;373(1-2):211-6.
|Lyoniresinol inhibits melanogenic activity through the induction of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor and extracellular receptor kinase activation.[Pubmed: 23099844 ]|
|Lyoniresinol was one of the eight lignans purified from methanol extract of Vitex negundo and was shown to have robust tyrosinase inhibitory capacity. However, the mechanism of its action is not known. Hence, the goal of the current study was to study the effects of Lyoniresinol on cytotoxicity and melanin content in murine B16F10 melanoma cells and to delineate the underlying mechanism of tyrosinase inhibition. Lyoniresinol was purified from methanol extract of Vitex negundo root and when tested in B16F10, cells showed robust anti-melanogenic activity. It caused the downregulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) and tyrosinase steady state protein expression levels. Flow cytometry analysis of Lyoniresinol-treated cells showed that the latter activates extracellular receptor kinase (ERK) phosphorylation, which causes MITF protein degradation and suppression of tyrosinase activity. Lyoniresinol decreased tyrosinase activity and melanin biosynthesis in B16F10 cells by activating ERK signaling, which downregulated MITF, tyrosinase, but not TRP-1 and TRP-2 protein expression. Contingent to more vigorous in vitro and in vivo experiments, Lyoniresinol can perhaps be incorporated into clinical dermatologic use as a skin lightening agent.|
West African J. Med., 1994, 13(1):495-8.
|Changes in Lyoniresinol Content and Antioxidative Activity of Pickled Ume during the Seasoning Process[Reference: WebLink]|
|Lyoniresinol content and antioxidative activity of commercially available seasoning pickled Ume was investigated. The seasoning pickled Ume with low salt concentration showed relatively low lyoniresinol content and antioxidative activity compared to products with high salt concentrations. This result indicates that excessive de-salt operation leads to decrease of a lyoniresinol content and antioxidative activity of flesh. Although remarkable decrease of lyoniresinol content and antioxidative activity of pickled Ume was observed in the early stage of seasoning process, re-extraction of lyoniresinol and antioxidative activity by osmotic pressure of seasoning liquid was thought to occur after two weeks and later. From the results obtained, we concluded that enough period seasoning by the seasoning liquid with enough osmotic pressure is necessary to produce the seasoning pickled Ume with rich nutritional function.|